Iimpawu zengqondo ze-multiple sclerosis

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2024-02-17T14:48:46+02:00
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Iimpawu zengqondo ze-multiple sclerosis

Xa kuziwa kwi-multiple sclerosis, ingqwalasela idla ngokujoliswa kwiimpawu zomzimba ezinokuthi izigulane zibe nazo. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele iimpawu zengqondo ezinokufunyanwa ngabo banesifo.

Izigulana ezininzi ezine-multiple sclerosis zichatshazelwa ziimvakalelo zokuxhalaba kunye nokudakumba. Izigulane zihlala ziziva zixhalabile ngekamva labo kunye nokuqhubela phambili kwesi sifo. Abanye banokuba nemo ephantsi kunye nokudakumba okukhulu, okuchaphazela umgangatho wabo wobomi.

Ezinye izigulana zinokuba nobunzima bokujongana notshintsho lomzimba abalufumanayo ngenxa yesi sifo, nto leyo echaphazela ukuzithemba kwabo kunye nokucinga kwabo. Baziva benganelisekanga kwiziqu zabo kwaye basenokuba neengxaki zobuntu.

Njengoko ixesha lihamba kwaye isifo siqhubela phambili, iimpawu zengqondo zinokunyuka kwaye zibandakanye ukuhlukaniswa kwentlalo kunye nokulahlekelwa ngumdla kwimisebenzi eyake yazisa umntu onesifo ulonwabo.

Kubalulekile ukuba abantu abane-multiple sclerosis baxhaswe ngokwasengqondweni kwaye bafumane inkxaso efunekayo ngokwasengqondweni kusapho, kubahlobo nakumaqela ezonyango. Ukunika ingqalelo kwinkalo yengqondo yesi sifo kunokunceda ukuphucula umgangatho wobomi babo kunye nokuphucula impilo yabo yonke.

Ukuhlaselwa kwe-multiple sclerosis kwaye yintoni unyango lwayo - ukuchazwa kwamaphupha kwi-intanethi

Ziziphi iimpawu zohlaselo lwe-multiple sclerosis?

Ukuhlaselwa kwe-multiple sclerosis sisiganeko esenzekayo xa isifo sikhula ngokukhawuleza kwaye sikhula ngokukhawuleza ngexesha elifutshane. Ukuhlaselwa kunokuba neempawu ezahlukeneyo kwaye kuyahluka phakathi kwabantu. Nangona kunjalo, kukho ezinye iimpawu eziqhelekileyo ezinokuvela ngexesha lokuhlaselwa kwengqondo kwe-MS.

Enye yeempawu eziphambili kukulungelelaniswa okungahambi kakuhle kunye nokunyakaza. Ukulawula intshukumo kunokuba nzima kwaye ukuhamba kunokungalingani. Izigulane zinokuba nobunzima bokulinganisela kunye nokukhubazeka okubonakalayo.

Ngaphezu koko, uhlaselo lwe-psychogenic MS lunokuhamba kunye nezinye iimpawu eziphazamisayo ezifana nokudinwa, ubuthathaka jikelele, isiyezi kunye ne-vertigo, ukubetha kwe-nervous kunye nokubetha.

Ukwazi ezi mpawu kubalulekile kwizigulane, amalungu entsapho zabo, kunye nababoneleli bezempilo ukuchonga nokuphatha ukuhlaselwa ngokufanelekileyo. Kufuneka udibane nogqirha ngokukhawuleza ukuba ucinga ukuba uhlaselwa kuhlaselo lwe-multiple sclerosis.

Iqala njani imultiple sclerosis?

Xa kuziwa kwiimpawu ze-multiple sclerosis, ukufumanisa kwangaphambili kubaluleke kakhulu. Nangona kunjalo, kunokuba nzima ukuqaphela ukuqala kwe-multiple sclerosis kwinqanaba lokuqala, njengoko iimpawu zinokuba buthathaka kakhulu okanye zifane nezo zezinye izifo.

Esinye sezibonakaliso zokuqala ze-multiple sclerosis yimvakalelo yokudinwa okungaqondakaliyo kunye nokudinwa. Unokuziva udinwe ngokugqithiseleyo nasemva kokuphumla nokulala ngokwaneleyo. Kusenokuba nzima kwabanye abantu ukuchonga unobangela woku kudinwa kuzingisileyo.

Abanye abantu banokuziva bendindisholo okanye babuthathaka kwiindawo ezithile zomzimba, njengeenyawo okanye izandla. Oku kunokuba ngumphumo womonakalo kwinqanaba le-nerve kwingqondo kunye nenkqubo ye-nervous, eyenzeka kwi-neurosclerosis.

Ukuba ubona nayiphi na le mpawu, kubalulekile ukudibana nogqirha ukuvavanya imeko yakho. Ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunokunceda ukuqalisa unyango olufanelekileyo kunye nokulawulwa kwengqondo ye-multiple sclerosis.

Ngaba i-multiple sclerosis inxulumene nengqondo?

Kuyaziwa ukuba i-multiple sclerosis yimeko engapheliyo echaphazela inkqubo ye-nervous central. Nangona kunjalo, kukho ubungqina obubonisa ukuba i-multiple sclerosis nayo ichaphazela imeko yengqondo yabantu abanaso.

Kwizigulane ezininzi ezine-multiple sclerosis, utshintsho kwimo kunye neemvakalelo zingenzeka. Abantu abanolu hlobo lomonzakalo banokuziva bedakumbile, benexhala, kwaye bedakumbile. Imingeni yemihla ngemihla izigulane ezijongene nazo, ezifana nobunzima bokuhamba kunye nokukwazi ukwenza imisebenzi yemihla ngemihla, kunokubangela uxinzelelo lwengqondo kunye neemvakalelo.

Kubalulekile ukunikela ingqalelo kwinkalo yengqondo yabantu abane-multiple sclerosis kwaye ubabonelele ngenkxaso efunekayo. Izicwangciso eziphilileyo ezifana nokuziqhelanisa nokucamngca, ukuthatha inxaxheba kwimisebenzi yokuzonwabisa, kunye nokudibanisa nenkxaso yentlalontle kunokuncedisa ukuphucula impilo yengqondo yabantu abanesi sifo.

Ungalibali ukuba xa uziva udakumbile okanye uxhalabile kakhulu, kufuneka uqhagamshelane nomboneleli wakho wezempilo ukuze ufumane uncedo olufanelekileyo.

Ngaba i-multiple sclerosis ibangela ukuxhalaba?

Impendulo inokwahluka kumntu nomntu, kodwa kubantu abaninzi abane-multiple sclerosis, banemvakalelo yokuxhalaba kunye noxinzelelo ngenxa yeengxaki zemihla ngemihla abajongene nazo. I-Multiple sclerosis inokuchaphazela amandla omntu okushukuma nokwenza imisebenzi yemihla ngemihla, nto leyo enokubangela ukuba azive engakwazi kuzinceda kwaye axhalabe.

Ukongezelela, i-multiple sclerosis inokuchaphazela imiba yeemvakalelo kunye nokuziphatha komntu, njengoko banokuziva bedangele okanye bedabukile, nto leyo enokubangela ukuxhalaba.

Ukuba une-multiple sclerosis kwaye uxhalabile, kubalulekile ukuba uthethe nogqirha wakho ngenkxaso efanelekileyo kunye neengcebiso. Ugqirha wakho unokucebisa iindlela zokulawula ukuxhalaba okanye acele uncedo lweengcali zengqondo ukunceda ukujongana noxinzelelo olunxulumene ne-multiple sclerosis.

Kuthatha ixesha elingakanani phakathi kohlaselo lwe-multiple sclerosis?

Uhlaselo lwe-Multiple sclerosis luyisiphumo somonakalo kwi-immune system kunye nokuhlaselwa kwayo kwinkqubo ye-nervous central, kwaye iimpawu kunye nokuhlaselwa zihlelwa ngokusekelwe kwindalo kunye nobukhulu bazo. Ubude bexesha phakathi kokuhlaselwa kunokuhluka kumntu ukuya kumntu, kwaye unokuba nokuhlaselwa rhoqo okanye ixesha elide lokukhupha amanzi phakathi kokuhlaselwa.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, uhlaselo lwe-multiple sclerosis lwenzeka ngokukhawuleza kwaye luhlala ixesha elifutshane, elinokuba ziiyure ezimbalwa okanye iintsuku ezininzi, kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe liphela. Umntu unokuziva ephucuka ngokuthe ngcembe kwiimpawu ngeli xesha, kodwa iimpawu zinokuchaphazeleka ngokwahlukileyo kuhlaselo ngalunye.

Naluphi na ubude bexesha phakathi kokuhlaselwa, ukuzinyamekela kunye nenkxaso efanelekileyo yonyango kunokunceda ukulawula iimpawu kunye nokunciphisa impembelelo yabo kwimpilo yemihla ngemihla. Qhagamshelana nogqirha oyingcali ukufumana uxilongo oluchanekileyo kunye nesicwangciso sonyango esifanelekileyo kwimeko yakho.

Wazi njani ukuba unemultiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis sisifo esingapheliyo esichaphazela amajoni omzimba. I-Multiple sclerosis sisifo esiqhelekileyo se-neurological esichaphazela inkqubo ye-nervous central. Abantu abane-MS bafumana iimpawu ezininzi ezahlukeneyo, kubandakanya ukuhamba nzima, ukushukuma okungaqhelekanga, ubuthathaka bemisipha, kunye neentlungu kwimithambo-luvo, izihlunu kunye namalungu. Iimpawu ze-multiple sclerosis zivela ngokwahlukileyo kubantu abachaphazelekayo, njengoko isigulane sinokudandatheka, ubuthathaka bemisipha, ukuqina kwemisipha, ukubetha, ukuphazamiseka okanye intlungu kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zomzimba. Kufuneka ubone ugqirha ukuze axilonge i-multiple sclerosis kwaye ufumane unyango olufanelekileyo.

umfanekiso we-multiple sclerosis 8col 1996304 001 - Ukutolikwa kwamaphupha kwi-intanethi

Ziziphi izifo ezifana ne-multiple sclerosis?

Kukho izifo ezininzi ezifana ne-multiple sclerosis ngokweempawu kunye nefuthe kwimpilo yengqondo. Phakathi kwezi zifo:

  1. Ukudinwa okungapheliyo: Ukudinwa okungapheliyo kubonakala kukuva ukudinwa okugqithisileyo kunye nokudinwa, kwaye kunokuchaphazela kakubi isimo sakho sengqondo kunye nokukwazi ukugxila.
  2. Ukudakumba: Ukudakumba kubangela iimvakalelo zokudakumba rhoqo kunye nokulahlekelwa ngumdla kwizinto ezaziyonwaba ngaphambili, kwaye kunokukhokelela kwinqanaba eliphantsi lamandla kunye nokuzinyamekela.
  3. Ukuxhalaba: I-multiple sclerosis inokuhamba kunye nokuxhalaba rhoqo kunye nokuxhalaba ngokugqithiseleyo, okunokuchaphazela ukukwazi ukuphumla kunye nokujongana nemingeni yemihla ngemihla.
  4. Ukuphazamiseka kokulala: Ukuphazamiseka kokulala kunokuqheleka kubantu abane-multiple sclerosis, kwaye kubandakanya ukuphuthelwa nokuvuka rhoqo ebusuku.
  5. Umoya ophantsi: I-Multiple sclerosis inokukhokelela kwimo ephantsi, iimvakalelo zokudakumba, kunye noxinzelelo jikelele.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuba ezi zifo azikho i-multiple sclerosis, kodwa ngamanye amaxesha zifana neempawu zayo kunye nefuthe kwimpilo yengqondo. Kubalulekile ukudibana nodokotela ukuze axilonge ngokuchanekileyo imeko kwaye ufumane unyango olufanelekileyo.

Ifunyaniswa nini i-multiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis sisifo esizimelayo esichaphazela inkqubo ye-nervous central, echaphazela imithambo-luvo kunye nentambo yomgogodla. Nangona kungekho xesha likhethekileyo lokuyifumanisa, kukho ezinye iimpawu ezinokubonisa ubukho besi sifo.

Kunzima ukucacisa ukuqala ngokuchanekileyo kwesi sifo, njengoko iimpawu zinokukhula ngokuthe ngcembe ngokuhamba kwexesha. Unokuqaphela ezinye iimpawu zokuqala ezinjengobuthakathaka bemisipha, ukudinwa, kunye nokuphazamiseka kwimida. Ezi mpawu zisenokuba buthathaka ekuqaleni, kodwa ziba mandundu ekuhambeni kwexesha.

Esi sifo sivame ukubonwa emva kokubonakala kweempawu zokukhathala okanye ubuthathaka kwi-nervous system. Unokufuna iimvavanyo kunye neskeni ukuqinisekisa ukuxilongwa, kubandakanywa ne-MRI kunye nokuhlolwa kwe-cerebrospinal fluid.

Kubalulekile ukuhlala uqhagamshelana nogqirha wakho kwaye uxele naluphi na utshintsho kwimpilo yonke. Ukuba uziva naziphi na iimpawu ezingaqhelekanga okanye ukrokrela ingxaki yempilo, qiniseka ukubonana nogqirha wakho ukuze avavanye imeko kwaye ufumane unyango olufanelekileyo.

Ngaba i-multiple sclerosis ibangela intlungu yomqolo?

I-Multiple sclerosis sisifo esingapheliyo esichaphazela inkqubo ye-nervous central kwaye inokubangela iimpawu ezahlukeneyo. Phakathi kwezi zibonakaliso ezinokwenzeka, intlungu yomqolo ingaba enye yazo.

Kwezinye iimeko, izigulane ezine-multiple sclerosis zifumana iintlungu emva ngenxa yempembelelo yesifo kwinkqubo ye-nervous central. I-Multiple sclerosis inokuchaphazela imithambo-luvo elawula imisebenzi yomzimba, kubandakanywa umva kunye nezitho ezincedisayo.

Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba intlungu ye-back back ingaba ngumphumo wezinye izinto, ezifana noxinzelelo lwengqondo okanye imisipha eqinile. Ngoko ke, izigulane ezine-multiple sclerosis ziyacetyiswa ukuba zidibane noogqirha beengcali ukufumanisa imbangela yentlungu kunye nokuphuhlisa isicwangciso sonyango esifanelekileyo.

Kuhle ukukhankanya ukuba kukho iindlela zonyango ezikhoyo zokujongana neentlungu zangasemva ezinxulumene ne-multiple sclerosis, ezifana nonyango lomzimba, ukuzivocavoca umzimba okufanelekileyo, kunye nokufunda ubuchule bokuqeqeshwa kwengqondo. Kunconywa ukuba usebenzise rhoqo kwaye ugcine indlela yokuphila enempilo ukuxhasa umva kunye nokunciphisa iimpawu ezinxulumene ne-multiple sclerosis.

Ngaba i-multiple sclerosis iyayichaphazela intetho?

Xa kuziwa kwi-multiple sclerosis, inokuchaphazela imiba emininzi eyahlukeneyo yobomi bemihla ngemihla. Enye yale miba yintetho. Abantu abaninzi abane-multiple sclerosis banobunzima ekuthetheni nasekuthetheni ngomlomo.

I-Multiple sclerosis inokukhokelela kwizinto ezingaqhelekanga kwizihlunu ezinoxanduva lokushukuma kolwimi nomlomo, nto leyo eyenza intetho ibe nzima kwaye kube nzima ukuyiqonda. Usenokuziva ukhathazekile yaye uneentloni xa ungakwazi ukuchaza ngokucacileyo oko ukucingayo.

Nangona kunjalo, amanye amanyathelo anokuthathwa ukujongana nobu bunzima. Intetho kunye neendlela zokuphucula ukuphefumla zinokuba luncedo ekudambiseni iziphumo ezingalunganga kwintetho. Ukuzivocavoca okomeleza izihlunu kunokunceda ukuphucula intshukumo kunye nokulawula ulwimi nomlomo.

Nangona i-multiple sclerosis inokuchaphazela intetho, ayithethi ukuba kufuneka kubekho ukuphazamiseka. Abantu abane-multiple sclerosis banokufunda kwaye basebenzise ezinye iindlela zonxibelelwano ezifana nezixhobo zokuthetha kunye nee-apps zokubhala ukugcina unxibelelwano luhamba kakuhle.

Ke, ukuba unesifo sokuqaqamba kwamalungu omzimba kwaye ukufumanisa kunzima ukuthetha, akukho mfuneko yakuphelelwa lithemba. Kukho iindlela ezahlukeneyo onokuthi uziphonononge ukujongana nobu bunzima kwaye ugcine unxibelelwano olusebenzayo.

Ngaba ukho umntu owachacha kwi-multiple sclerosis?

Ngelishwa, akukabikho unyango olupheleleyo lwe-multiple sclerosis. Esi sifo esingapheliyo sichaphazela inkqubo ye-nervous central kwaye ngokuqhelekileyo ikhula ngokucothayo ngokuhamba kwexesha. Nangona kunjalo, izigulana zinokuphila ubomi obulungileyo, obunemveliso kunye ne-multiple sclerosis ngokulawula iimpawu kunye nokugcina impilo entle.

Kukho iindlela ezininzi zokujongana ne-multiple sclerosis ngokwasengqondweni. Ukufuna inkxaso yengqondo yengqondo kubahlobo kunye nosapho kunokuba luncedo ekujonganeni nemingeni yemihla ngemihla kunye nokumelana nokutshintsha kobomi. Ukubonisana nogqirha wengqondo oqeqeshiweyo kusenokuba yimfuneko, njengoko benokunika inkxaso nesikhokelo kwizigulana kunye namalungu eentsapho zazo.

Nangona kunzima njengemultiple sclerosis, kusekho ithemba. Uphando kunye nonyango zihlala ziphuhliswa, kwaye ngenye imini zingazisa unyango olubanzi okanye nonyango. Okwangoku, izigulana kufuneka zigxininise ekulawuleni iimpawu kunye nokuhlala kwinqaku elilungileyo ukuze zibe nomgangatho ongcono wobomi obunokwenzeka.

Ngaba usizi luchaphazela izigulane ezine-multiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis sisifo esingapheliyo esichaphazela inkqubo ye-nervous central, kwaye izifundo zibonise ukuba izinto zengqondo zinokudlala indima ebalulekileyo ekuphuhliseni nasekuqhubeni kwesi sifo.

Xa izigulane zibonakala zibuhlungu rhoqo, oku kunokuchaphazela kakubi imeko yabo yengqondo kunye nengqondo. Ukongeza, usizi lunokonyusa uxinzelelo kunye noxinzelelo, oluthi ekugqibeleni lube mandundu ngakumbi iimpawu ze-multiple sclerosis.

Kwangaxeshanye, ukuziva wonwabile kwaye wanelisekile kunokuba negalelo ekuphuculeni imeko yezigulane ezine-multiple sclerosis. Ukuziva unethemba kunye nethemba kunceda ukunciphisa uxinzelelo, ukuphucula impilo yengqondo, kunye nokuphucula umgangatho wobomi.

Ngoko ke, kubalulekile ukuba izigulane ezine-multiple sclerosis zizame ukujongana kakuhle neemvakalelo ezimbi kunye nokudabuka, kunye nokuzama ukuphumla nokuxabisa iinkalo ezintle zobomi babo. Kwakhona kunokuba luncedo kubo ukuba bajonge izicwangciso zokulawula uxinzelelo, ezifana nokucamngca okanye umthambo olula.

Ngaba i-neuritis multiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis sisifo esingapheliyo esichaphazela inkqubo ye-nervous central, kuquka ingqondo kunye nentambo yomgogodla. Nangona izizathu zesi sifo zingekaziwa ngokupheleleyo, i-neuritis ayithethi ukuba i-multiple sclerosis.

Nangona kunjalo, kukho uphando oluthile olubonisa ukuba usulelo lwe-nerve lunokubangela iimpawu ezifana ne-multiple sclerosis, ezifana nobuthathaka bemisipha, ukuba ndindisholo kunye nokukhubazeka okuyingxenye. Ukuba uvakalelwa naziphi na ezi zimpawu, kubalulekile ukuba udibane nodokotela ukuze ufumane ukuxilongwa ngokuchanekileyo kunye nonyango olufanelekileyo.

Nangona kunokuba nzima ukuhlukanisa phakathi kwe-multiple sclerosis kunye ne-neuritis esekelwe kwiimpawu zodwa, iimvavanyo zonyango ezifana ne-MRIs kunye novavanyo lwegazi lunokunceda ukufumanisa ukuxilongwa ngokuchanekileyo.

Kubalulekile ukwazi ukuba unyango olufanelekileyo luyahluka kakhulu phakathi kwe-multiple sclerosis kunye ne-neuritis, ngoko ke kuyimfuneko ukubonisana nodokotela oyingcali ukufumana ukuxilongwa ngokuchanekileyo kunye nonyango oluyimfuneko.

Ngaba i-multiple sclerosis ibonakala kwi-MRI?

Xa kusenziwa i-MRI scan ukuze kufunyaniswe imultiple sclerosis, ezinye iimpawu ezifihlakeleyo notshintsho zinokuvela kwimifanekiso ethathiweyo. Nangona kunjalo, i-MRI scan yodwa ayikwazi ukuchonga ngokuqinisekileyo i-multiple sclerosis, kwaye ifuna ukuqinisekiswa kokuxilongwa kunye nokuqonda ezinye iimpawu zayo ngokubonisana nonyango.

I-MRI ibonisa utshintsho oluthile olunxulumene ne-multiple sclerosis, njengobukho be-sclerosis kwingqondo kunye neentambo ezahlukeneyo zemithambo-luvo. I-Fibrosis kunye nokwandiswa kwezicubu ze-nerve, kunye nokutshintsha kobukhulu bezinye iindawo zengqondo, kunokuvela. Nangona kunjalo, olu tshintsho aluchanekanga kwaye aluphelelanga kwi-multiple sclerosis, kwaye lunokwenzeka nakwezinye iimeko ze-neurological.

Ngokubanzi, i-MRI scan ingaba luncedo njengesixhobo esongezelelweyo sokuxilonga kwi-multiple sclerosis, kodwa akusiyo kuphela into esetyenziselwa ukufumanisa ukuxilongwa kokugqibela. Ukuchonga i-MS ye-psychogenic kufuna uhlalutyo olubanzi lweempawu kunye nezinye iimvavanyo, kunye nokubonisana noogqirha abajongene nezifo ze-neurological.

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