Unyango lokuchithwa kwegxalaba ngamayeza abantu

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2024-02-17T14:07:38+02:00
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Unyango lokuchithwa kwegxalaba ngamayeza abantu

Ukukhutshwa kwamagxa yimeko abantu abaninzi abahluphekayo kuyo, kwaye ngethamsanqa, inokunyangwa kusetyenziswa amayeza esintu. Iyeza lesintu lijolise ekusebenziseni amayeza endalo kunye nobuchule bendabuko obuye bazama kwaye bavunywa kuyo yonke iminyaka.

Zininzi iindlela zokupheka kunye neendlela zoluntu ezisetyenziselwa ukunyanga ukuchithwa kwamagxa. Ezinye zezi zonyango zinokubandakanya izinto zendalo ezifana nemifuno kunye neeoli ezibalulekileyo. I-anti-inflammatories yendalo kunye namalungiselelo e-topical angasetyenziselwa ukukhulula intlungu kunye nokunciphisa ukuvuvukala. Kwakhona, i-massage okanye unyango lokushisa lunokusetyenziswa ukufezekisa ukukhululeka kweentlungu kunye nokubuyisela ukunyakaza kwamagxa.

Ngaphambi kokuba uzame naluphi na unyango lwesintu lokuchithwa kwamagxa, kufuneka udibane nogqirha okanye uchwepheshe wezempilo ukuze uqinisekise ukuba ufanelekile kwimeko yomntu. Ukusetyenziswa kwamanye amayeza esintu kunokungafanelekanga okanye kubangele ukusabela okungafunekiyo.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, unyango lwabantu lunokuba lulongezelelo olufanelekileyo kunyango oluqhelekileyo lokunyanga ukuchithwa kwamagxa. Isenokunceda ukuthomalalisa iintlungu nokukhawulezisa ukuphiliswa, kwaye ngokwamava nesithethe, amayeza esintu anokuba nempembelelo entle kwimeko.

Nangona kunjalo, abantu abafuna amayeza esintu kufuneka babe nobulumko kwaye baphendukele kwiingcali ukufumana iingcebiso ezifanelekileyo zonyango kunye nokuqinisekisa ukhuseleko lwabo kunye nokusebenza kwalo naluphi na unyango abalulandelayo.

352978 Unyango lokuchithwa kwamagxa ngonyango lomzimba-ukutolikwa kwamaphupha kwi-intanethi

Ngaba ukususwa kwegxalaba kunokunyangwa ngaphandle kotyando?

Ukuchithwa kwamagxa kukulimala okuqhelekileyo okwenzekayo xa intloko yethambo ihlukana nesiseko segxala. Ihlala iphathwa ngotyando ngokubeka kwakhona ithambo kwisokethi yalo echanekileyo kwaye igxininise nge-splints okanye i-tape yonyango. Nangona kunjalo, abanye banokukhetha ukunyanga ukuchithwa ngaphandle kokuhlinzwa.

Nangona kufuneka uhlale udibana nogqirha oqeqeshiweyo ukuze unqume amanyathelo afanelekileyo onyango, kukho iindlela ezilula ezinokuzanywa ngaphambi kokuba usebenzise utyando.

Olunye ukhetho oluqhelekileyo kukugqoka i-orthotics okanye i-tape ukuzinzisa igxalaba kunye nokunciphisa ukunyakaza okugqithiseleyo kunokunyusa umngcipheko wokulimala. Iqhwa lingasetyenziselwa kwindawo echaphazelekayo ukunciphisa ukuvuvukala kunye nentlungu.

Ukuphucula amandla kunye nokuguquguquka kwimisipha ejikeleze igxalaba ngokusebenzisa ukuqeqeshwa konyango lomzimba kunokusebenza kwakhona ekunciphiseni umngcipheko wokutshatyalaliswa okutsha.

Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba la manyathelo abandakanya ukuchithwa kwamagxa angenalo utyando alunakwanela kwi-dislocation enzima okanye ephindaphindiweyo. Kusenokuba yimfuneko ukubhenela kuqhaqho ukuze kuphinde kukhuselwe ithambo elikwisokethi yalo kwaye kuthintelwe iingxaki ezinokubakho. Ke ngoko, kufuneka udibane noogqirha bamathambo abakhethekileyo ukuze ufumane uvavanyo oluchanekileyo kunye nonyango olufanelekileyo lwemeko.

Zeziphi izenzo zokushenxisa amagxa?

Ukuziqhelanisa nokushenxiswa kwamagxa yinxalenye ebalulekileyo yonyango lokushenxiswa kwamayeza esintu. Ezi ziqhelo zijolise ekuqiniseni imisipha yegxalaba kwaye ubambe ihlombe endaweni emva kokuchithwa kwayo. Ezi zivivinyo zinceda ukuqinisa i-ligaments kunye ne-tendon kunye nokwandisa ukuzinza kwamagxa.

Kukho uqheliselo oluninzi olunokuthi lwenziwe ukunyanga ukuchithwa kwamagxa kusetyenziswa amayeza esintu. Phakathi kwale mithambo:

  1. Umthambo wokuzifudumeza: Phambi kokuba uqalise nawuphi na umthambo, kufuneka wenze umthambo wokufudumeza izihlunu nokuphucula ukuhamba kwegazi. Izihlunu zinokuthanjiswa ngobunono kwaye zolulwe ngobunono.
  2. Ukuzivocavoca kokuzinzisa: Yenza imithambo eyenza uzinzise igxalaba kwaye uyigcine kwindawo. Umzekelo, umthambo wokuqina wegxalaba unokwenziwa kusetyenziswa ukuxhathisa ubunzima obulula.
  3. Ukuzivocavoca ukuqinisa imisipha: Yomeleza izihlunu zamagxa ezijikeleze umdibaniso. Unokwenza imithambo efana nokuphakamisa iintsimbi ezilula okanye ukusebenzisa ukuxhathisa iintambo.

Kubalulekile ukwenza le mithambo rhoqo kwaye phantsi kweliso lochwepheshe ukuqinisekisa ukuba yenziwe ngokuchanekileyo kwaye ayibangeli ukwenzakala okongeziweyo. Ukunyanga ukuchithwa kwegxalaba ngamayeza endabuko kunokuthatha iiveki okanye iinyanga ezininzi ngaphambi kokuba ukunyakaza okupheleleyo kunye namandla ehlombe abuyiselwe.

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Ngaba ukukhutshwa kwamagxa kubuya?

Xa igxalaba lishenxisiwe, intloko yethambo iyahlukana neqhina elisegxalabeni. Oku kunokwenzeka ngenxa yemisebenzi yezemidlalo enamandla, okanye ingozi athe umntu wadibana nayo. Unokuzibuza ukuba ihlombe lingabuyela kwindawo yalo eqhelekileyo emva kokuchithwa.

Enyanisweni, ukuba i-shoulder dislocation ifunyanwe ngokufanelekileyo kwaye iphathwa ngokufanelekileyo, kunokubakho ithuba lokuba ihlombe libuyele kwimeko yalo eqhelekileyo. Nangona kunjalo, oku kuxhomekeke kwizinto ezininzi ezibandakanya ubunzima bokulimala kunye nohlobo lokuchithwa.

Ukunyangwa kwabantu ngokuchithwa kwamagxa kunokufuna iinzame zokuqinisa imisipha ejikeleze igxalaba kunye nokwandisa ukuzinza kwayo. Ezinye iindlela ezithandwayo ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe ziquka ukwenza imithambo yokuqinisa imisipha kunye nokusebenzisa uxinzelelo olulula kwindawo echaphazelekayo.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba unyango lwesintu lokuchithwa kwamagxa akufanele luthathe indawo yonyango oluqhelekileyo. Kufuneka udibane nogqirha oyingcali ngaphambi kokuba uzame nayiphi na indlela yonyango. Utyando lunokuba yimfuneko kwezinye iimeko ezinzima ngakumbi.

Siyiphatha njani intlungu yegxalaba ekhaya?

Ngamanye amaxesha, umntu unokufumana iintlungu zegxalaba. Ezi ntlungu zinokuba ngumphumo wokuchithwa kwegxalaba okanye enye ingozi. Ukuba ukhathazwa ziintlungu zamagxa kwaye ujonge iindlela zokuyikhulula ekhaya, unokulandela la macebiso alandelayo:

  1. Ukusetyenziswa komkhenkce: Ungabeka ipakethe yomkhenkce okanye ipakethe ebandayo ngokuthe ngqo egxalabeni kangangemizuzu eyi-15-20 amaxesha amaninzi ngemini. Umkhenkce unceda ukukhulula ukuvuvukala kunye neentlungu ezibuhlungu.
  2. Ukwenza umthambo wokubuyisela kwisimo sangaphambili: Unokwenza umthambo wokubuyisela kwisimo sangaphambili ngokuthe ngcembe kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe. Qinisekisa ukuba uqhagamshelane nogqirha wakho okanye ingcali ukuze ufumane isikhokelo esifanelekileyo malunga nemithambo efanelekileyo.
  3. Ukuthatha izidambisi-ntlungu: Unokuthatha izithomalalisi ezilula ezifana ne-aspirin okanye i-paracetamol ukuze uthomalalise iintlungu. Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka udibane nogqirha ngaphambi kokuba uthathe naluphi na uhlobo lwamayeza.
  4. Ukuphumla kunye ne-massage: Unokunika ihlombe ukuphumla okwaneleyo kwaye ugweme imisebenzi eyandisa intlungu. Ukongeza, igxalaba linokuthanjiswa ngobunono ngeeoyile ezinevumba elimnandi ukuze kuthomalaliswe uxinzelelo kunye nokuphucula ukujikeleza kwegazi.
  5. Ukubonisana ngonyango: Ukuba iintlungu zegxalaba ziqhubeka okanye ziba nzima, kungcono ukudibana nodokotela. Kusenokufuneka unyango olongezelelekileyo, njengonyango lomzimba okanye amayeza.

Ezi zezinye zeendlela onokuthi uzilandele ukukhulula iintlungu zamagxa ekhaya. Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka uhlale udibana nodokotela ukuba ufumana nayiphi na intlungu eqhubekayo okanye engapheliyo.

Xa igxalaba liyingozi?

Ukukhutshwa kwamagxa kukulimala okuqhelekileyo abantu abaninzi abahlangabezana nakho, kwaye intlungu kunye nokungahambi kakuhle okubangelwayo kunokuba buhlungu kwaye kucasule. Nangona kunjalo, ukuchithwa kwamagxa akusoloko kunzulu kwaye kunokunyangwa kusetyenziswa amayeza esintu.

Ingozi yokuchithwa kwegxala kubuhlungu bentlungu, ukudumba komdibaniso, kunye nokungakwazi ukusebenzisa igxalaba ngokuqhelekileyo. Ukuba ezi zimpawu zinzima kwaye ziqhubeka kwaye zichaphazela kakhulu ubomi bakho bemihla ngemihla, kufuneka udibane nogqirha ukuvavanya imeko yakho kwaye uqondise kunyango olufanelekileyo.

Izinto ezinokuthi zenze ukuba igxalaba libe mbi kakhulu:

  1. I-Ligament tear: Ukuba iigaments ezijikeleze igxalaba zikrazukile, unyango lwezonyango lwabantu lunokwanela ukubuyisela ngokupheleleyo, kwaye ukungenelela kokuhlinzwa kunokufuneka.
  2. Ukuqhekeka: Ukuba amathambo kwindawo yegxalaba aphulwe, unyango lwabantu lunokuthi lungasebenzi, kwaye unyango lotyando lunokufuneka ukulungisa iifractures.

Ukuba ufumana iimpawu ezinzima zokuchithwa kwamagxa okanye unzima ukuphinda uqhube ukunyakaza kwamagxa, kukulungele ukudibana nodokotela ukuba ahlole imeko yakho kwaye akunike unyango olufanelekileyo.

Indlela yokulala kunye negxalaba elichithwe?

Xa umntu ehlupheka ngenxa yokuchithwa kwegxalaba, ukulala kuba nzima kwaye kubuhlungu. Nangona kunjalo, kukho iingcebiso ezinokunceda ukuququzelela inkqubo yokulala yegxalaba elichithwe kunye nokunciphisa intlungu ehambelanayo.

Okokuqala, kucetyiswa ukuba uphazamise ihlombe elichaphazelekayo usebenzisa i-shoulder pad ekhethekileyo. Imithwalo yenkxaso eyenzelwe ngokukodwa ingasetyenziselwa ukuxhasa kunye nokunciphisa uxinzelelo ehlombe ngelixa lilele.

Ukongeza, kukhethwa ukuba igxalaba elichithwe lilale kwicala elichanekileyo, oko kukuthi, kwicala elijongene negxalaba elonakeleyo. Oku kunceda ukunciphisa uxinzelelo egxalabeni kwaye kunika intuthuzelo ngelixa ulele.

Inkxaso eyongezelelweyo inokubonelelwa kwigxalaba elichaphazelekayo ngokubeka umcamelo omncinci okanye ithawula edibeneyo phantsi kwegxala ngelixa ulele. Oku kunceda ukuzinzisa igxalaba kunye nokunciphisa ukunyakaza okugqithiseleyo kunokunyusa intlungu.

Kukwacetyiswa ukuba ulandele indlela yokulala rhoqo kwaye ufumane ukuphumla okwaneleyo kunye nokulala okunzulu. Kunokuba luncedo ukudibana nogqirha ukufumana isikhokelo esongezelelweyo malunga nendlela yokuphelisa intlungu ngexesha lokulala kunye nokuphucula umgangatho wokulala.

Ngamafutshane, ukusebenzisa umcamelo okhethekileyo, ukulala kwicala elichanekileyo, kunye nokubonelela ngenkxaso eyongezelelweyo kwigxalaba elichaphazelekayo kuya kunceda ukunyusa induduzo yegxalaba elichithwe ngexesha lokulala kunye nokunciphisa intlungu ehambelanayo. Ukuba ingxaki iyaqhubeka, kungcono ukudibana nodokotela ukuze ufumane iingcebiso eziyimfuneko kunye nonyango.

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Indlela yokuqinisa imisipha yegxalaba?

Amandla emisipha ehlombe kubalulekile ukugcina impilo edibeneyo kunye nokukhusela ukuchithwa kwamagxa. Nanga amanye amacebiso okomeleza izihlunu zamagxa akho ngeendlela zendalo:

  1. Yenza umthambo wokomelela izihlunu: Yenza umthambo wokuqina ojoliswe kwizihlunu zamagxa, ezinjengokuphakamisa ubunzima, ukutyhala ngomkhosi, kunye nemithambo ye-triceps. Unokuqala ngeentsimbi ezilula kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe wandise. Qhagamshelana nomqeqeshi weembaleki oqeqeshiweyo ukuze uqinisekise ukuba wenza umthambo ngokuchanekileyo.
  2. Ukomeleza ezinye izihlunu: Amandla emisipha egxalabeni nawo axhomekeke kumandla emisipha ejikelezileyo. Yenza imisebenzi eyahlukeneyo ejolise kwiingalo, isifuba kunye nomqolo ukuqinisa imisipha ejikeleze igxalaba.
  3. Ukufudumala kunye nokuzolula: Ngaphambi kokuba uqalise imithambo, zifudumeze ukuhambisa izihlunu kwaye uzilungiselele uqeqesho. Emva kokuzilolonga, yenza umthambo wokuzolula ukuze uthomalalise uxinzelelo kwaye uphinde ube bhetyebhetye.
  4. Isondlo esifanelekileyo: Ukutya ukutya okunempilo okuneprotheni, iivithamini kunye neemaminerali kunokunceda ukukhuthaza ukukhula kwemisipha kunye nokomeleza.
  5. Ukuphumla okwaneleyo kunye nokuphumla: Musa ukulibala ukubaluleka kokuphumla kunye nokuphumla phakathi kokuzivocavoca. Inika imisipha ithuba lokubuyisela kwaye ilungiselele umsebenzi olandelayo.

Khumbula, kufuneka udibane nogqirha ngaphambi kokuba uqalise nayiphi na inkqubo yomthambo. Amandla e-muscle ehlombe akusiyo injongo yodwa, kodwa kunokuba negalelo kumandla, impilo ezinzileyo.

Ngaba unyango lomzimba luluncedo egxalabeni?

Unyango lomzimba lubandakanya ukusetyenziswa kweendlela ezahlukeneyo ezifana nokuzilolonga kwezonyango, i-massage, kunye neendlela zonyango lokunyakaza. Unyango lomzimba lujolise ekuphuculeni amandla emisipha kunye nokuguquguquka kwindawo yamagxa kunye nokuqinisa izicubu ezijikelezayo. Unyango lomzimba lukwasetyenziselwa ukuphucula ukulungelelanisa kunye nokulinganisela kwiintshukumo zamagxa kunye nokuphucula umsebenzi wamagxa.

Ngokuqinisekileyo, unyango lomzimba lunokuba luncedo ekuphatheni ukuchithwa kwamagxa. Ngokusebenzisa iindlela zonyango ezijoliswe kuzo kunye nokuthotyelwa kwezikhokelo zonyango, ukuphulukiswa kwamagxa kunokukhuthazwa kwaye uluhlu oluqhelekileyo lwentshukumo lubuyiselwe. Unyango lomzimba lunokomeleza izihlunu ezijikeleze igxalaba kwaye lizinzise ngcono, ukunciphisa amathuba okuba wonzakale kwakhona.

Nangona kunjalo, unyango lomzimba kufuneka luqondiswe ngumntu oqeqeshiweyo oqeqeshiweyo, njengogqirha okanye ugqirha womzimba. Iingcali kufuneka zidityaniswe ukuze zifumane isikhokelo esichanekileyo kunyango olufanelekileyo lomzimba kwimeko nganye, njengoko imeko nganye ihluke kwenye kwaye ifuna inkqubo elungiselelwe ukunyanga ihlombe elichaphazelekayo.

Ndazi njani ukuba ndinegxalaba eliphumileyo?

Ukuba uziva ubuhlungu obukhulu kunye nobuthathaka ehlombe lakho, unokuba ubandezeleka ngenxa yokuchithwa kwegxalaba. Kukho imiqondiso emininzi ebonisa ukukhutshwa kwamagxa:

  1. Iintlungu ezibuhlungu: Unokuva intlungu ebukhali ehlombe lakho xa uhamba okanye xa uyibamba. Intlungu inokuqhubeka okanye inyuke xa uzama ukusebenzisa igxalaba.
  2. Ubuthathaka: Unokuziva ubuthathaka kumandla egxalaba elichaphazelekayo. Usenokukufumanisa kunzima ukuphakamisa izinto ezinzima okanye ukwenza imisebenzi eqhelekileyo yemihla ngemihla.
  3. Ukuqhekeka okanye ukutyibilika: Unokuziva uqhekeka okanye utyibilika egxalabeni xa ushukuma. Le mvakalelo inokungazinzi kwaye ihamba kunye neentlungu ezibukhali.
  4. Ukuvuvukala kunye nokubetha: Ukuvuvukala kunye nokuxhatshazwa kungenzeka kwindawo echaphazelekayo yegxalaba ngenxa yokulimala.

Ukuba unazo ezi mpawu, unokuba nokususwa kwegxalaba. Kuyimfuneko ukubonana nogqirha ukuxilonga kunye nokunyanga ingxaki. Oogqirha banokusebenzisa amayeza esintu kunye nezinye iindlela zokunyanga ngokufanelekileyo kunye nokunyanga ukuchithwa kwamagxa. Ukufumanisa kwangaphambili kunye nonyango olufanelekileyo lunokunceda ukuphelisa intlungu kunye nokubuyisela umsebenzi wamagxa ngokwemvelo.

Ndiyiphatha njani i-dislocation?

Kwimeko yokuchithwa kwegxalaba, amathambo ahlukaniswe kwindawo yawo eqhelekileyo, ebangela intlungu kunye nokungakwazi ukusebenzisa ihlombe ngokufanelekileyo. Kubalulekile ukuba ufune unyango olusebenzayo olunokunceda ukunyanga le nzakala ibuhlungu.

Kukho iindlela ezininzi zokunyanga ukuchithwa kwegxalaba ngamanyathelo onyango aqhelekileyo. Oogqirha banokucebisa la manyathelo alandelayo:

  1. Ukusebenzisa i-ice: Iqhwa linokusetyenziswa kwigxalaba elichaphazelekayo ukunciphisa intlungu kunye nokuvuvukala. Kungcono ukusebenzisa umkhenkce imizuzu eyi-15-20 amaxesha amaninzi ngemini.
  2. Iibhendi zeProsthetic: Iibhanti zeprosthetic zingasetyenziselwa ukuzinzisa igxalaba kunye nokunciphisa ukunyakaza okungafunekiyo. I-bandage yonyango yegxalaba elichithiweyo okanye i-immobilization pads ingasetyenziswa.
  3. Ukuqiniswa kwemisipha: Ukuzivocavoca konyango kungasetyenziselwa ukuqinisa imisipha ejikeleze ihlombe kunye nokuphucula ukuzinza kwayo. Olu hlobo lonyango kufuneka lwenziwe phantsi kweliso lengcali.
  4. Ukuphumla kwaye unamathele kwimiyalelo: Kubalulekile ukunika ihlombe elenzakeleyo ixesha elaneleyo lokuphilisa nokulandela imiyalelo yogqirha onyanga. Ugqirha unokuncoma ukugqoka i-splint okanye ukuphepha ukunyakaza okugqithiseleyo kunokunyusa intlungu kwaye yenze imeko ibe nzima.

Naluphi na unyango olusetyenziswayo, kubalulekile ukuqhubeka ubona ugqirha wakho ukuvavanya inkqubela phambili kunye nokuqinisekisa ukuchacha okufanelekileyo. Ukunyanga ukuchithwa kwegxalaba kufuna umonde kunye nokuhambelana, kodwa ngokunyamekela kakuhle kunye nonyango olufanelekileyo, ukubuyiswa ngokupheleleyo kunokufezekiswa.

Imithambo yokususa amagxa

Ukushenxiswa kwamagxa yingxaki eqhelekileyo abantu abaninzi abajongana nayo. Unyango lwendabuko lunokuba sisisombululo esifanelekileyo sokunciphisa intlungu yegxalaba kunye nokunyanga ingxaki ngokufanelekileyo. Kulo mxholo, ukuzivocavoca kwamagxa kudlala indima ebalulekileyo ekuqiniseni nasekubuyiseleni ukunyakaza okuqhelekileyo kwamagxa.

Ukuzivocavoca kwamagxa kuyingxenye yonyango lomzimba olunceda ukuqinisa imisipha ejikeleze igxalaba kunye nokubuyisela ukunyakaza okuqhelekileyo. Nantsi imithambo esebenzayo onokuthi uyenze:

  1. Umthambo wokuxhathisa: Sebenzisa ukuxhathisa ukukhanya, okufana neebhanti ezilastiki, ukolula izihlunu ezijikeleze igxalaba. Jonga iindawo ezikhoyo ukuze ufumane umthambo ogqibeleleyo.
  2. Izenzo zokwandisa: Yandisa iingalo kwiindlela ezahlukeneyo kwaye ugcine intshukumo imizuzwana embalwa ngaphambi kokuba ubuyele kwindawo yokuqala. Oku kunceda ukuphucula ukuguquguquka kwamagxa.
  3. Imithambo yokulinganisela: Landela imithambo yokulinganisela eyenza ukomelela kwezihlunu kunye nokuzinza. Yima ngomlenze omnye okanye usebenzise izixhobo ezincedisayo ezifana nebhola yerabha ukuqinisa ukulinganisela nokuzinza.

Khumbula ukubonisana nogqirha okanye ingcali ngaphambi kokuba uqale naluphi na umthambo wokunyanga ukuchithwa kwamagxa. Unyango lwesintu lunokubonelela ngempucuko ebalulekileyo ekukhutshweni kwamagxa, kodwa ukuzivocavoca kufuneka kwenziwe ngononophelo kwaye phantsi kweliso lonyango ukuphepha ukuwohloka kunye nokufezekisa iziphumo ezifunwayo.

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