Kufuneka ndenze ntoni phambi komsebenzi wokwenziwa?

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2024-02-17T14:43:59+02:00
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Kufuneka ndenze ntoni phambi komsebenzi wokwenziwa?

Ngaphambi kokuba kwenziwe umsebenzi ongengowamvelo, zininzi izinto ekufuneka umama azenze ukuze aqinisekise ukhuseleko lwakhe kunye nokhuseleko lwemveku engekazalwa. Okokuqala nokuphambili, umama kufuneka athethe nogqirha ojongene nemeko yakhe kwaye adibane naye malunga nokukhethwa komsebenzi wokwenziwa kunye nezizathu kunye nezizathu ezinxulumene nayo. Umama kufuneka aqinisekise ukuba uyaziqonda zonke iinkcukacha zomsebenzi wokwenziwa kunye neenkqubo kunye neziphumo ebezingalindelekanga ezinokubakho ezibandakanya.

Okulandelayo, umama umele aqinisekise ukuba kukho inkxaso yeemvakalelo neyokuziphatha ngaphambi kokuba enze umsebenzi wokwenziwa. Le nkxaso inokuvela kwiqabane, amalungu osapho okanye abahlobo bakamama. Kubalulekile ukuba umama azive eqinisekisiwe kwaye ekhuselekile ngeli xesha libalulekileyo.

Umama kufuneka aqinisekise ukuba kukho isicwangciso sokhathalelo emva kokubeleka. Kunconywa ukuphuhlisa isicwangciso kwangaphambili ngokubambisana neqela lezempilo elijongene nokukhulelwa, apho umama angabonisa iimfuno zakhe kunye nezinto azithandayo malunga nokunyamekela komntwana kunye nonyango olulandelayo ukuququzelela ukutshintshela kwithuba lokubeleka.

Ukongezelela, umama unokulungelelanisa imicimbi yasekhaya ngaphambi kokuba asebenze, njengokuqinisekisa ukufumaneka kwezinto eziyimfuneko kumntwana nokulungelelanisa eminye imicimbi yekhaya ukuze anciphise uxinezeleko noxinezeleko lwengqondo emva kokuba ebuyile esibhedlele.

Ngokubanzi, kubalulekile ukuba umama azilungiselele kakuhle phambi kokubeleka ukuze aqinisekise ukuba ufumana inkxaso ayidingayo kwaye abonelele ngeemeko ezifanelekileyo ukuze abe namava okubeleka aphumeleleyo.

Umsebenzi owenziweyo uqala ukusebenza - ukutolikwa kwamaphupha kwi-intanethi

Ngaba umsebenzi ongengowamvelo ubuhlungu?

Abantu abaninzi bayazibuza enoba umsebenzi ongengowamvelo ubuhlungu okanye akunjalo. Kubalulekile ukuqonda ukuba umsebenzi wokwenziwa yinkqubo yokukhuthaza abasebenzi ngoogqirha okanye ababelethisi besebenzisa amayeza ayimfuneko kunye nobuchule. Umsebenzi owenziweyo uthathwa njengenkqubo yotyando, kwaye ke unokukhatshwa ziintlungu ezithile. Nangona kunjalo, oogqirha banokusebenzisa amayeza ukukhulula intlungu ehambelana nenkqubo. Kukhethwa ukuba oogqirha kunye nababelekisi banike ulwazi oluthe kratya kwabasetyhini malunga nenkqubo, ukubakho kweentlungu, kunye neendlela ezikhoyo zokunceda. Abasetyhini abacinga ukufakwa kwe-artificial insemination bayacetyiswa ukuba bathethe nababoneleli babo bezempilo ukuba bahlolisise iindlela ezikhoyo kunye neendlela zokulawula intlungu.

Usebenza nini umsebenzi wokwenziwa?

Umsebenzi ongengowamvelo uqala ukusebenza emva kokuba unikwe owasetyhini okhulelweyo, kwaye ngokuqhelekileyo kuthatha imizuzu embalwa ukuba ukuzala kuqalise ukuphindaphindeka nokulawula. Umsebenzi owenziwe ngokwenziwa ngenye yeendlela zonyango ezisetyenziselwa ukukhuthaza ukuqala kwenkqubo yokuzalwa kwiimeko ezithile, njengokulibaziseka ekuzalweni, inkqubela embi kwinkqubo yokuzalwa, okanye imfuneko yokungenelela kwezonyango.

Xa kusenziwa umsebenzi ongengowamvelo, ihomoni ebizwa ngokuba yioxytocin isetyenziselwa ukuvuselela ukuqhawuka kwesibeleko, nto leyo eqalisa inkqubo yokuzala. Xa ukubeleka kuqalisa ukucotha, abasetyhini banokuziva iintlungu ezifana nezo zenzeka ngexesha lokubeleka okuqhelekileyo. Umsebenzi owenziweyo unokuthatha ixesha elide ukuqhubela phambili ngokuhamba kwexesha kunomsebenzi wendalo.

Nangona kunjalo, umsebenzi ongengowamvelo kufuneka ulawulwe phantsi kweliso lonyango ngqo ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko lukamama kunye nosana olungekazalwa, kunye nokubeka iliso kwinkqubela phambili yoqhaqho kunye nesantya sentliziyo yomntwana. Oogqirha bancomela ukuba ukuzalwa kwenziwe esibhedlele emva kokwenza umsebenzi wokufakelwa, apho umfazi kunye nosana olungekazalwa lunokubekwa iliso ngokucokisekileyo kunye namanyathelo ayimfuneko athathwe xa kukho naziphi na iingxaki.

Nini ukuthatha inaliti ngasemva kunye nomsebenzi wokwenziwa?

Kwimeko yokwenziwa komsebenzi wokwenziwa, inaliti ifakwa ngasemva ukuze ibe ndindisholo inxalenye engezantsi yomzimba ngaphantsi kwesinqe. Amayeza atofwa ngenaliti ngasemva ukuze athomalalise iintlungu ngexesha lokubeleka. Ixesha lokufaka inaliti yangasemva ngomsebenzi wokwenziwa kuxhomekeke kwizinto ezithile, ezifana nemeko yokukhulelwa, ukukhula komntwana, izinto ezikhethwa ngumama, kunye neemvavanyo zikagqirha. Ukufakwa kwenaliti yangasemva kunokukhethwa ekuqaleni kwenkqubo yomsebenzi, ngaphambi kokuqala kwentlungu, okanye inokulibaziseka kude kube sekuqaleni kweentlungu ezinzima. Kubalulekile ukuba umama asebenzisane neqela lezempilo ukuze anqume ixesha elifanelekileyo lokufakwa kwenaliti yomgogodla kunye nomsebenzi wokwenziwa kunye nokwenza isigqibo ngokusekelwe kwimeko yempilo yakhe kunye nezinto azikhethayo.

Zeziphi iingozi zomsebenzi wokwenziwa?

Imingcipheko yokufakelwa kwamadlozi ziingxaki kunye neengxaki ezinokuthi zenzeke ngenxa yokusebenzisa i-artificial insemination kwinkqubo yokuba nabantwana. I-Artificial insemination yindlela eqhelekileyo yonyango kwizibini ezinengxaki yokuzala okanye abantu abaneengxaki zempilo ezibathintelayo ukuba bakhawule besebenzisa iindlela zesintu. Nangona kunjalo, le nkqubo ayinabungozi, njengoko inokubangela iingxaki ezininzi zempilo kumama kunye nosana olusanda kuzalwa.

Omnye wemingcipheko eqhelekileyo yokufaka amadlozi okungengowamvelo kukukhula okunokwenzeka kokukhulelwa kwe-ectopic, imeko eyenzeka xa ngaphezu kwesinye isibeleko sikhula esibelekweni. Oku kunokukhokelela kwiingxaki zokukhulelwa kwaye kwandise amathuba okuzalwa kwangaphambi kwexesha. Ukufakwa kwamadlozi okwenziwa ngokwenziwa kunokubangela ukwanda komngcipheko wokuzalwa kweziphene kusana olusanda kuzalwa.

Ukongeza, i-IVF yaziwa ngokonyusa amathuba okukhulelwa kathathu kunye nakane. Le ngxaki yenzeka xa inani labantwana abangekazalwa ngaphakathi kwesibeleko likhula libe ngaphezu kwesinye okanye ezimbini. Ukukhulelwa kathathu okanye kane yingxaki enkulu yezempilo enokuthi ikhokelele kwiingxaki zempilo kumama kunye nosana olungekazalwa.

Kakade ke, zikho nezinye iingozi ezinokubakho ezinxulumene nenkqubo ye-IVF, njengokudluliselwa kwezifo ezosulela ngokwabelana ngesondo phakathi kwamaqabane okanye ingozi enkulu yokopha okanye yosulelo. Umama usenokufumana ukwaliwa kumayeza asetyenziswa xa kukhweliswa amadlozi.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, izibini ezicinga ngokufaka amadlozi ngendlela engenakwenziwa zifanele zithathele ingqalelo zonke iingozi ezinokubakho zize zixubushe ngazo noogqirha bazo abazinyangayo ngaphambi kokuba zenze nasiphi na isigqibo. Unxibelelwano oluhle kunye neqela lezonyango elinyanga luya kunceda ukunciphisa imingcipheko kunye nokwandisa amathuba okukhulelwa okuphumelelayo.

ngaphakathi1585651903711421988 - Ukutolikwa kwamaphupha kwi-Intanethi

Ndazi njani ukuba isibeleko sivulekile nge-1 cm?

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba unwenwe njani umlomo wesibeleko nge-1 cm, kubalulekile ukuqonda iimpawu kunye neempawu ezibonisa oku. Ukuze kuhlolwe ukuba isibeleko sivulekile, umfazi okhulelweyo kufuneka ahlolwe ngaphakathi, ngokuqhelekileyo ngugqirha okanye umbelekisi ojongene nokubeleka. Olu vavanyo luya kuvumela ingcali ukuba ivavanye ubude kunye nobubanzi bomlomo wesibeleko kunye nokuvuleka kwayo. Ukuba umlomo wesibeleko uvulekile nge-1 cm, oku kuthetha ukuba umlomo wesibeleko uqala ukulungiselela ukuzala. Oku kunokuba ngumqondiso wokuba umzimba uqalise ukukhulula umlomo wesibeleko ukuvumela ukudlula komntwana ngexesha lokubeleka. Oku kukuqhubela phambili okubalulekileyo kwinkqubo yokuzalwa kwaye kuthetha ukuba umzimba usendleleni yokulungiselela ukuzalwa ngokupheleleyo.

Ngaba umsebenzi owenziweyo unceda umntwana ongekazalwa ehlele kwi-pelvis?

Inkqubo yokuzala lelinye lawona manqanaba abalulekileyo kubomi bomfazi, kwaye ibandakanya izinto ezininzi ezichaphazela ukubeleka kwakhe kakuhle nangokukhuselekileyo. Phakathi kwezi zinto kukutyibilika komntwana kwi-pelvis ukuze alungele inkqubo yokuzalwa. Ukusebenza kokwenziwa kwaziwa ngokukwazi ukuvuselela ukuzala, nto leyo enceda ukutyhala usana olungekazalwa luye kwi-pelvis.

Ukuzalwa kwendalo ngokuqhelekileyo kusebenzisa inkqubo yokuqhawula kwendalo ukutyhala umntwana ngokuthe ngcembe kumlomo wesibeleko kunye nee-angles ze-pelvic. Nangona kunjalo, ngamanye amaxesha, usana olungekazalwa lunokuba nobunzima bokutyibilika kwi-pelvis ngokuqhelekileyo, kwaye oku kunokuba ngenxa yezinto ezifana nobukhulu okanye indawo yomntwana okanye iingxaki kwinkqubo yokuzalwa.

Nantsi indima ye-pollen eyenziweyo ekuququzeleleni le nkqubo. Umama unikwa iidosi zamadlala okwenziwa, anjengeoxytocin okanye iprostaglandins, evuselela ukufinyela kwesibeleko ngokufanelekileyo nangamandla. La mayeza ahlengahlengiswa ngokwenkqubela phambili yokubeleka kunye nempendulo kamama kwisitofu sokugonya.

Ukusetyenzwa okungekwenzelwanga kuphucula ukubekwa komntwana kwi-pelvis, njengoko kuvula umlomo wesibeleko kwaye kuvuselele ukufakwa kwemvelo komntwana. Kwakhona kunokuba luncedo ekukhawuleziseni inkqubo yokuzalwa xa ingakwazi ukuqhubela phambili ngokwemvelo.

Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba umsebenzi owenziweyo awusoloko usesona sisombululo silungileyo kwiingxaki ezinxulumene nokutyibilika komntwana kwi-pelvis. Kufuneka kuhlale kuboniswana nogqirha kwaye uvavanyo lwakhe lwezonyango lwemeko kunye nokhuseleko lukamama kunye nosana olungekazalwa kufuneka luxhomekeke kulo.

Ndiluvuselela njani ukuzalwa komntwana kwiveki yama-38?

Njengoko iveki ye-38 yokukhulelwa isondela, unokuqala ukuthatha amanyathelo okuvuselela umsebenzi ngendlela yendalo. Nanga amanye amacebiso anokunceda ukukhawulezisa nokuqalisa inkqubo yokuzalwa:

  1. Ukuhamba: Ukuhamba ngumsebenzi olula onokunceda ukuvuselela isibeleko kunye nokuvuselela ukuzala. Unokucinga ngokuthatha uhambo olufutshane mihla le malunga nemizuzu engama-30.
  2. Imihla yokutya: Imihla iyaziwa ngokuba kukutya okuqulethe izibonelelo ezininzi zempilo, kuquka ukuvuselela ukuzala. Ukutya imihla engama-6-7 imihla ngemihla kwiveki ye-38 yokukhulelwa yenye yezinto ezinokunceda ukuvuselela isibeleko kwaye uqale inkqubo yokuzalwa.
  3. Ukwabelana ngesondo: Ukwabelana ngesondo kweli nqanaba lokukhulelwa kunokuba luncedo ekukhuthazeni ukubeleka.
  4. Ukuphulula iindawo ezibuthathaka: Kuyaziwa ukuba ukuphulula iindawo ezinobuzaza emzimbeni kunokukhuthaza ukuzala. Ungaxoxa neqabane lakho okanye umboneleli wezempilo malunga nezi ngongoma kunye neendlela zokuziphulula ngobunono.
  5. Ukuphefumla ngokunzulu: Iindlela zokuphefumla ngokunzulu kunye nokucamngca ziindlela ezinokunceda ukwenza kube lula ukuzala. Kusenokufuneka ufunde ngeeklasi zokulungiselela ukuzalwa.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba ngaphambi kokuba usebenzise naziphi na ezi ngcebiso, kuyimfuneko ukubonisana nodokotela okanye umboneleli wezempilo ukuze ufumane iingcebiso ezifanelekileyo kunye nokujonga ukhuseleko jikelele lokukhulelwa. Kusenokubakho ezinye iindlela zokuyenga kunye nokuqalisa ukubeleka ezinokucetyiswa ngugqirha wakho.

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